Everything you need to know about 13+ in one place

If you are looking for information about the various subjects at 13+ you are in the right place.  We have categorised and simplified all of the information you need to know for the 13 + below. Click on a subject to found out exactly what you need to know and how you can prepare for each subject.

If you have any other questions which this section doesn't answer, please Get in Contact and we'll be happy to answer any questions you have about the 13+, success at this level or anything else related to school life at this age.

Or check out our blog for more ideas on how to prepare for the 13 +

How do I revise?

We always recommend starting revision as early possible using 'distributed practice'. We also recommend trying out different methods when revising material.

There are lots of options and approaches when revising and you won't know what works best for you until you try them all. Remember -- the easiest won't always be the best! Using a variety of different approaches can also be extremely beneficial for students

Have a look at this BBC article that reveals some commonly held misconceptions about revision. It's a great place to start

And these two vides from ASAPScience give some really excellent ideas to get students feeling positive about revision.

The most important things to remember are:

  1. make a timetable and spread out your revision over many

  2. find a quite study space with all the resources you need

  3. set one small goal for every session

  4. make each session about 30minutes long then take a 10 minute break

  5. put away your phone

  6. take some exercise everyday

  7. drink lots of water

  8. don't highlight books with highlighter - it doesn't work

  9. make your own flashcards and carry them with you and use them regularly

  10. make revision active and say things out loud when your using your cards

  11. make mnemonics to remember sets of things

  12. do as many practice tests as you can

  13. teach fellow students/family members parts of you course

  14. make mind-maps to link ideas together

  15. read and analyse model answers to questions


We've collected some of the best revision videos from across the web and have put them all here for you try:

Or if you are looking for more ideas to super-charge your revision, go to our blog. 

What to expect at 13+ English

The English paper at 13+ is split into two papers:

  • Paper 1 - This is a 75 minute paper which is split into two parts:

    • Reading Prose (25 marks) An extract from a book, autobiography, travelogue or other genre of fiction or non-fiction followed by around 5 comprehension questions.

    • A Writing task (25 marks) A choice of 4 essay titles will be give. 3 questions will assess the use of prose for practical purposes. 1 will be a question with an a) or b) choice on literary topics. See below for more details.

  • Paper 2 - This is another 75 minute paper which is split into two parts.

    • Reading Poetry (25 marks) A poem (no longer than one page) followed by 5 questions designed to test student responses to poetry and understanding of poetic technique.

    • A Writing task (25 marks) A choice of 4 creative writing prompts for students to write a piece of creative/descriptive writing.

Check out the 13+ English Syllabus to see what skills are assessed at this level. This document will give you a full breakdown of what student's should be revising and practicing in preparation for these assessments.

If you have a specific question about the 13+ English syllabus or just want to talk to someone free of charge about your child's situation, Get in contact and we'll schedule a telephone consultation.

If you want to organise a tutorial but want to know what price options there are, go to our Cost of Tuition Page

Or read below for a better idea of what to expect from each of these papers and to find some specimen papers.



The best way of preparing for this paper is... well, you can probably guess: read as widely as you can. That means reading novels, short stories, plays, autobiographies and non-fiction. This can be daunting if your child doesn't enjoy reading. The bottom line here is that students need to have an understanding of the meaning of the text, and then start to engage with it in a critical way, investigating why the text might use specific language, techniques or structural devices to create effects for the reader. Have a look at a specimen English Paper 1


The list of skills assessed in this paper are below, and we've given you an example of questions that test these skills. The difficulty level gets harder as you go down the list

  • basic understanding and vocabulary

    • This requires students to find a word or phrases from the text.

  • use of text to illustrate answers

    • This requires students to quote the passage and say what the connotations of the words they have picked are

  • drawing of inferences

    • This type of question requires students to reach conclusions based on the clues in the text.

  • evaluation of style, language and purpose

    • This question requires students to use quotes from the passage to discuss the authors purpose of writing. What are they trying to convey to the reader?

  • delivery of opinions/judgements/arguments based on given material

    • Students may be asked to discuss what impact the text has had on them. Do they empathise with any of the characters or situations in the text? You will be asked to explain your views and opinions

  • awareness of how grammar, syntax and punctuation affect meaning

    • At the top level students will be able to link grammar, syntax and punctuation with meaning. For example, what affect does sentence length have on a text? (Possible answer: adds greater detail and helps to set the scene by putting images in the readers mind). Or how does the use of present continuous tense affect the text (Possible answer: makes the text feel like it is happening and ongoing in the present moment which adds to drama)

  • capacity to make comparisons and evaluate contrasts

    • Students may be asked to compare the uses of English within the text and to comment on the effect of these contrasts have on the reader.



The composition element of paper 1 is designed to test ability when using English for practical purposes.  The best way to prepare for this part of the paper is to practice writing to a variety of different prompts to time. Learning the value of planning is essential at this age and 5 minutes of writing down as many ideas as you can and then organising them into paragraphs by putting a number next to each can make the difference between an average answer and a more confident and impressive piece of work.  

The composition questions on paper 1 will require students to show off one of the following 4 writing skills:

  • arguing

  • explaining

  • persuading

  • advising

  • describe

Example questions include:

  1. (ExplainDoing the right thing Was there a time when you did what you knew to be right, even though you didn’t want to? Or you did not do what you knew to be right, but wish that you had? Write about it, in the form of a letter to a friend.

  2. (ArgueCaution and risk Think about the advantages of being cautious and the advantages of taking risks. Write a speech in which you argue the importance of one rather than the other. 

  3. (Describe) Think about a time when either you or a member of your family suffered an embarrassing moment in public. Describe this event in an entertaining and humorous way.

Alternatively students can answer the last question on this paper which is a choice between two questions on literary topics.

For example:

  1. ‘A good book should make you walk into lampposts.’ (Nick Hornby) You have probably never done this, but have you ever read a book which gripped you so much that you became unaware of your surroundings? Explain why this book had such an impact on you ...... OR

  2. ‘It doesn’t matter how unbelievable a story is, as long as the characters are realistic.’ By referring to your own reading, to what extent do you agree with this statement?

Understanding feelings can be hard when you can't see them...

Understanding feelings can be hard when you can't see them...


Similarly to paper 1, paper 2 has a Reading Comprehension (Poetry) and a Composition section (Imaginative writing).  Have a look at this specimen English paper 2 to see what to expect. 

Reading Comprehension - Poetry

Students will be given a poem to read and then about 5 -7 questions to answer. They should spend about 35 minutes on this section. The best way to prepare for this section of the paper is to read a variety of different poems and start to develop a working knowledge of the types of technique that poets employ and the effect that these have on the reader.

As a start students should have an understanding of the following terms:

  • stanzas

  • poetic structure

  • rhyme

  • rhythm

  • metaphor

  • simile

  • personification

  • imagery

  • onomatopoeia

  • symbol

  • irony

  • alliteration

  • assonance

  • metre

Once they understand these techniques and can identify them in poems, they should try to develop understanding of what the effect of each of these techniques is in the context of the poem - bearing in mind that the effect could be different from poem to poem.

Composition - Imaginative writing

Like the writing task for Paper 1, students are required to write for about 35 minutes on one of 4 writing stimuli. This could be a quote, a piece of dialogue or a word or phrase. See some examples below:

  1. (Dialogue) 'You surprised me'... 'I surprised myself'. Write piece of imaginative writing that includes these two lines of dialogue.

  2. (Word or Phrase) Write a story or descriptive piece using one of the following titles: 

    1. The Picnic by the Lake

    2. Junk Food

    3. A Gift

  3. (Quote) 'Great things come from small beginnings'. Write about this imaginatively in any way you wish.

  4. (Phrase) Crossing the Line

The best way to approach this question is to start by planning for 5 minutes and to make sure you have sure idea of the tone, mood and genre of the piece you are trying to write. This will have a big impact on your word choice and the techniques you employ. Are you going for something mysterious and suspenseful? Lively and playful? Slow and sombre? Naturalistic or fantastical? Taking 5 minutes to throw ideas on to a planning page and then structuring your piece by numbering these ideas into paragraphs will make a huge difference to the overall quality of your writing. 

Another tip we would suggest. Don't try and cram in too much narrative! The better pieces at this level don't move that far in terms of their timeline or in location, but are usually limited to one place and one time. This means you can invest more time on some really detailed descriptive writing -- this is the thing you are getting marked on, so sweat over the small details rather than trying to write a novel in a just 30 minutes.



CASE is the exam that students take if they are hoping to gain entrance to their senior school with a scholarship. Whether it be the CASE scholarship or a specific school's, we can help!

The English CASE exam is 1hr 45 minutes long, and is a rigorous test of academic ability and potential. The first part consists of two literary texts that are linked thematically. These will be drawn from different genres and periods and as such, the best way to revise for it is to be a confident and sophisticated reader who enjoys reading. Texts could include pre-19th century texts along with more modern offerings, so an ability to understand a range of English language forms is advantageous. 

Students will be asked questions on the content, style and structure of these texts and will be invited draw comparisons and evaluate contrasts between the two.

The second part consists of a composition question. Similar to the normal 13+, students will be given a stimulus to respond to. However, where this paper gets more difficult is with the more abstract topics presented and therefore students need to engage critically with big ideas. For example, questions may be on:

  • the idea of freedom

  • the idea of equality

  • the idea love

  • the idea of fear

  • the idea of discrimination

There is no need to quote big thinkers or to have an understanding of pre-existing theories to write a good response to these questions. Rather, examiners are  looking for sensitive, well written, nuanced pieces that have a clear voice.

Need to ask us a specific question about the 13+ Maths syllabus? Or just want to talk to someone free of charge about your child's situation, Get in contact and we'll schedule a telephone consultation.

If you want to organise a tutorial but want to know what price options there are, go to our Cost of Tuition Page

What to expect at 13+ Maths

Students take two papers at 13 plus: a calculator and a non-calculator paper.

  • Each paper is 60 minutes long.

  • There are three different difficulty levels of paper that students take: levels 1, 2, 3.

  • The majority of students will take two papers at level 2.

  • More able students will take level 3 papers which contain topics from the national curriculum usually introduced at the end of key stage 3 (year 9).

  • The level 1 paper covers core of key stage 2 topics along with some additional topics from key stage 3 (typically material covered up to year 7).

Check out the 13+ Maths Syllabus to see what skills are assessed at this level - it's a really useful guide which can be used as a great revision tool, so we advise reading it. 

Read below for a better idea of what topics to expect at this level, or have a read of what to expect from a tutorial if you are interested in booking some lessons but want to see what service we provide.

Alternatively if you are interested in booking some lessons but want an idea of cost, go to Cost of Tuition. Or if you have a specific question and want to speak to one of our dedicated team then please Get in Contact and we will call you back as soon as we can.



We advise that to print off the 13+ Number syllabus -- it gives a comprehensive run down of all the topics students will need to revise in preparation for this assessment.

Topics that fall under the bracket of 'Number' in 13+ include:

  • Integers

  • Fractions and manipulation

  • Percentages and calculations

  • Approximation

  • Money, weights, time, distances and other real world calculations and word problems

  • Standard form

  • Square numbers, Cube numbers, Roots and powers

  • Highest Common Factors and Lowest Common Multiple

Numbers can be nasty if they've been taught at the wrong pace. We so often find that pacing and confidence are the two most important factors when developing mathematical ability. If your child's confidence is low, give us a call and let's see what we can do!

Three thirds of these chocolate eggs are mine.

Three thirds of these chocolate eggs are mine.


First things first, print off the 13+ Algebra syllabus -- everything you need to know on one list.

Topics that fall under the 'Algebra' bracket include:

  • Knowing common algebraic notation (for example ab = a x b or a + a + a = 3a

  • Substituting numerical values into equations

  • Simplifying and manipulating algebraic expressions (expanding brackets, factorising expressions)

  • Translating word problems into algebra

  • Solving algebraic equations eg 4 - 3x= 9, what is x?

  • Simultaneous equations (solving equations with two variables)

  • Work in all 4 quadrants of a graph

  • Recognise and sketch linear graphs, quadratic graphs

  • Use graphs to answer questions

  • Recognise arithmetic sequences and find the nth term

  • Solving simple inequalities (eg 3x - 6 > 12)

  • Solving simple quadratics (eg x(x + 2) = 2x +16)

Algebra can be a real puzzle for some students. But with the right approach, and by taking time to introduce every new rule in a slow and methodical manner, students with no belief in their mathematical abilities can really excel. Do get in touch if you would like to speak to someone about getting some support in this area.



Start by printing off the 13+ Ratio syllabus -- this goes into greater detail about what students need to know in this topic area and for each level. We then advise working through these topics from the top to the bottom, answering a few questions on each as you go. 

In brief, the topics that fall under the umbrella of 'Ratio and Proportion' are:

  • Convert standard units of length, weight, volume, capacity ( eg cm --> m, g --> kg)

  • Use scale factors for maps and diagrams ( eg. 1:50,000 where 1cm represents 50,000cm)

  • Use ratio notation (eg 3:1 and to reduce to simplest form)

  • Breaking something up in to 2 or 3 parts 

  • Relate ratios to arithmetic of fractions (eg. 1:4 is equivalent to 1/5 = 0.2 as a decimal )

  • Solve problems of percentage change (eg increase and decrease by a percentage, original value, and simple interest)

  • Solve problems of direct and inverse proportion

  • Solve word problems relating to speed, units of pricing and density

The Ratio and Proportion units covered in the 13+ assessment are ever present in Maths GCSE and the high percentage of 'functional maths' questions that are seen in Key stage 4 means that building confidence in this area early on can make a big difference to students, both in the curriculum and in life.



Thankfully this module is a small one. That said, questions on probability are highly likely to crop up, so it's worth building confidence in this area. Download and print the 13+ Probability syllabus -- see what areas students already feel comfortable with.

The topics that might come up in the probability section include:

  • Knowing the language of probability (likely, unlikely, certain, random, chance, impossible)

  • Use a probability scale (0-1)

  • Record and analyse the frequency of results

  • Understand that probabilities of all outcomes add up to 1

  • Use tables, grids and Venn diagrams

  • Understand probablity for combined events

  • Mutually exclusive outcomes

  • Calculate theoretical probabilities

Every last bit of the probability syllabus at 13+ can be taught through real-life examples rather than from a text book. Concrete learning of this nature is invaluable in allowing students with low confidence to flourish in this area. Don't leave it to chance! Give us a call today.

Revealing the secrets of the triangle

Revealing the secrets of the triangle


Take a look at the list of Geometry topics assessed in the 13+ Geometry syllabusIt's a bigger topic area than some others, though due to the visual aspect associated with this area of Maths, often students have greater confidence when it comes to shape, space and measure.

Topics include:

  • Use formula to work out perimeter and area of triangles, trapezia

  • Volumes of prisms (level 3 only)

  • Perimeters of 2D shapes including circles and composite shapes

  • Draw and measure line segments

  • Derive simple constructions using compass, protractor, ruler

  • Know notation for parallel and equal lines

  • Know conventions for labelling triangles

  • Know criteria for congruence of triangles

  • Derive lengths and areas of sectors of a circle (level 2 and 3 only)

  • Identify and describe transformations (translation, reflection, rotation, enlargement)

  • Know the rules of angles on a straight line, at a point and vertically opposite angles

  • Know the rules of alternating and corresponding angles in parallel lines

  • Derive the value of angles in any regular polygon using triangles

  • Using Pythagoras theorem to work out lengths (level 3 only)

  • Solve problems using right-angled triangles

  • Use faces, surfaces, vertices and edges of cubes, cuboids, cones, prisms, and cylinders to solve problems in 3D

A lot of the topics above can be learnt in a good week. With a big pad of paper and some coloured paper and pens, anything is possible. Using manipulatives (objects that students can hold and change) really help if students find geometry hard to visualise. It's worth remembering, with the right tutor comes the right resources to help the student excel.



The final topic students should revise is Statistics. Have a look at the modules they'll need to master in the 13+ Statistics syllabus. A lot of the stats they learn in the 13+ will come in handy when doing the science paper, and there are skills here which have cross-curricular utility.

Topics include:

  • Understand, describe and interpret discrete and continuous data

  • Calculate mean, mode, median and range for a group of data

  • Construct appropriate charts, tables, graphs (including frequency charts, pie graphs, bar charts, line graphs and pictograms)

  • Describe the relationships between two sets of data on a scattergraph

  • Draw a line of best fit and use the language of outliers or anomalies

Trying to master all of the ways of representing data at once can be mind-boggling and knowing how and when to introduce each topic is the key to success in 13+ statistics. If you want to some advice on the right way to introduce statistics to students, get in touch for a free telephone consultation.

Newton was 24 years old when he discovered calculus. Do you thank him or curse him?

Newton was 24 years old when he discovered calculus. Do you thank him or curse him?


The CASE paper in Maths is based on the syllabus outlined above. It is a 90 minute paper which takes all of these units and will often combine them so students will have to use multiple skills at a time. For example, students may have to combine their knowledge of algebra with probability, or ratio with geometry.

Though students won't be expected to have any more knowledge than that outlined above they will the scholarship paper aims to assess student flexibility, creativity and confidence across the whole range of topics. A great way of preparing for this assessment is to try extended mathematical investigations into real life problems. Often these will unite various discrete areas of the syllabus and encourage problem solving and finding solutions which involve thinking laterally and being creative.

Get in touch if you'd like to talk with someone about preparing for a Maths scholarship paper. 

Need to ask us a specific question about the 13+ Maths syllabus? Or just want to talk to someone free of charge about your child's situation, Get in contact and we'll schedule a telephone consultation.

If you want to organise a tutorial but want to know what price options there are, go to our Cost of Tuition Page


What to expect at 13+ Science

Depending on learner ability, there are two potential routes that students will take at 13 plus Science: 

  • Level 1 Paper

    • Students will take 1 paper of 60 minutes.

    • This will include an even weighting of BiologyChemistry and Physics within the paper.

    • Calculators are allowed

    • Formulas are given

    • Multiple choice, completing sentences, matching pairs and some open questions 

  • Level 2 Paper 

    • Students take 3 papers of 40 minutes each.

    • Each paper will focus on a specific science: Biology, Chemistry and Physics

    • Calculators are allowed

    • Formulas are not given

    • Most questions will be open and will require students to answer in sentences.

Students will be required to work scientifically when approaching the 13+ Science paperThis means evaluating data, looking for trends, drawing conclusions and giving reasoned explanations based on scientific knowledge. They may also be required to use their prior experience of scientific experiments and apparatus to create tests and develop hypotheses.

Check out the 13+ Science Syllabus for a full list of the content and skills that are assessed at this level. We advise students to print out the content list at the end of this syllabus and highlight the areas which they consider to be their weakest topics as a great place to begin their Science revision.



The modules that students should get to grips with in order from easiest to hardest are:

  • Living processes

    • Know what the living processes that are common to all living things (Nutrition, Movement, Growth, Reproduction)

    • That these life processes are common to plants and animals

  • Green Plants

    • Identify and describe different parts of a flowering plant

    • Effects of light, air, water, and temperature on plant growth

    • Role of the leaf in producing more material for plant growth (photosynthesis)

    • Role of the roots in anchoring the plant and absorbing water and minerals

    • Parts of the plant that are involved with reproduction.

    • Life cycle of a flowering plant (pollination, fertilisation germination, seed dispersal)

  • Humans and other animals

    • Names and locations of major organs

    • Nutrition and the need for a balanced diet (fats, carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins and minerals, fibre, water)

    • The potential issues if we don't eat a balanced diet

    • The function of the skeleton

    • Observe animal movement with and without skeletons

    • Names and functions of teeth and how to care for them

    • Difference between teeth of carnivore and herbivore

    • Know the main parts of the digestive system in humans

    • Know the main stages of the human life cycle

    • Know the physical and emotional changes that happen during adolescence

  • Living things and their environment

    • To know animals can be grouped  (mammals, reptiles, birds) etc

    • To use a classification key to organise animals into groups

    • Observe that animals in different habitats 

    • Know that environments can change which can endanger animals

    • Know that some animals need protection due to loss of habitat

    • Place animals in a food chain and in a food web

    • Know the language carnivore, omnivore, herbivore, producer, consumer, predator, prey

    • Know that all energy in food chains begins with green plants (producers) which in turn get their energy from the sun.

    • To describe differences in life cycle between mammals, reptiles, birds, insects and amphibians

    • Describe sexual and a-sexual reproduction of animals and plants

    • Observe and comment on the features of animals and plants and their adaptations (size, shape, colour, behaviour)

    • To classify things into major taxonomic groups including Kingdoms (eg. know the difference between fungi and plants, insects and spiders)

Other topics that might be taught in year 6 include evolutioninheritancethe circulatory system and the breathing system. However, these are not examined at the 11+.


  • Rocks and Soils

    • Know the different types of soils (clay, sand, loam, chalk)

    • Compare different types of rock based on appearance, particle size, colour

    • Use a hand lens to work out if they have grains or crystals

    • Separating solid particles of different sizes by sieving

    • Know that fossils are formed when plants and animals are trapped under sedimentary rock 

  • States of Matter

    • Recognise differences between solid, liquid, gas in terms of ease of flow and maintenance of shape and volume. 

    • Use particle theory to explain differences between solid, liquid and gas

    • Describe changes of state using the words melting, boiling, evaporating, freezing, condensing

    • Know the role of evaporation and condensation in the water cycle and carry out a simple experiment

  • Properties and changes of material

    • Compare everyday objects using terms metal, non-metal, magnetic, non-magnetic, flexibility, hardness

    • Know about reversible changes (dissolving, melting, boiling, condensing, evaporating, freezing)

    • Know that freezing water expands and can crack pipes and cause erosion

    • Know the terms soluble, insoluble, solute, solvent, dissolving

    • Know that some substances dissolve and others don't

    • Know the factors that affect speed that something dissolves (temperature, stirring)

    • Know how to separate insoluble solids from liquids by filtering

    • Know how to recover a dissolved solid by evaporating the liquid

    • To choose a method of separation given two substances

    • Know that mass is conserved when a physical change occurs

    • Know some examples of chemical changes (making concrete, baking soda and vinegar, rusting, burning materials)

    • Know some methods to prevent rusting

    • Know that burning fuels is not-reversible (and know the term fossil fuels)

    • Know that almost all materials are made as a result of chemical reactions

  • Further properties of materials

    • Know the terms insulator and conductor and apply in a real life context

    • Know that temperature is a measure of how hot or cold something is and that the melting and boiling points of water are 0 and 100 respectively. 

    • Know the terms acid and alkali and that you can use indicators solution to work out the acidity using the pH scale


  • Light

    • Know that light travels from a light source

    • Know and observe that light cannot travel through some materials and this leads to shadow formation (opaque, translucent, transparent)

    • Know that light is reflected from mirrors

    • Know that we see things when light enters our eyes 

    • Draw simple ray diagrams to show light entering the eye

    • Know that light from the sun can be dangerous and can damage our eyes

  • Forces and magnets

    • Know that forces and pushed and pulls

    • Know and observe the forces of attraction and repulsion between two objects

    • Classify objects into magnetic and non-magnetic

    • Know that magnets have a north and a south pole

    • Know that some forces need to have contact whereas others, like magnets, act through a field.

    • Know about the concept of friction asa force that acts against movement between surfaces

    • Know about the affect of air resistance on a cyclist

  • Sound

    • Know that sound is caused by vibrations of particles

    • Investigate into objects that make sound through vibrations (rubber bands, drums, strings, recorder, milk bottle)

    • Know and apply the term pitch in context of different sounds

    • Know that a higher pitch means a quicker vibration of particles, a lower pitch a slower vibration of particles

    • Know that sounds get fainter with distance

    • Know that sound requires a medium to travel and that sound can't travel through a vacuum

    • Know how the ear works and that vibrations sent to the brain are interpreted as sounds

    • The dangers of loud sounds

  • Electricity

    • Know ho to construct a simple circuit with a battery and bulb in series

    • Know that some materials are better conductors than others (metal and carbon vs. plastic wood)

    • How to avoid common dangers of electricity through insulating materials

  • Earth and Space

    • Know that the Earth, Sun and Moon are spherical and use evidence to prove this.

    • Know about the relative movements of the Earth, Sun and Moon and how they result in days, years and seasons.

    • Know the position of the solar system in the wider milky way.

    • Know that gravity pulls things down to Earth

    • Know that gravity is a force which keeps the Earth orbiting around the sun and the moon around the Earth

    • Know that the Sun is the only light source in the solar system and that all light that we see from planets and moons are reflections.

  • More Forces

    • Know the unit of force is a Newton (N)

    • Know that when objects are pushed or pulled an opposite contact force can be felt

    • Draw force diagrams including push, pull, gravity (weight), friction, air resistance, drag, upthrust etc

    • Know about the uses of levers and pulleys allowing a smaller force to have a greater effect

    • Know the ways that types of frictional force effect motion

  • Further Light

    • Know how light is reflected at plane surfaces and draw diagrams to show angle of incidence and angle of reflection are equal.

    • Know that light travels in a straight line at a finite speed

    • Know why objects have the same shape as the objects that cast them and why shadows can be bigger or smaller depending on how close they are to the light source

    • Know that non-luminous objects are seen because light is reflected off of them

  • Further Electricity

    • Know that changing the number of batteries in a circuit will alter the brightness of a bulb

    • Know how to represent series circuits in diagrammatic form

Need to ask us a specific question about the 11+ Science syllabus? Or just want to talk to someone free of charge about your child's situation, Get in contact and we'll schedule a telephone consultation.

If you want to organise a tutorial but want to know what price options there are, go to our Cost of Tuition Page

What to expect at 13+ Languages

At 13 plus there are 4 modern languages that students have the chance to study. French, SpanishGerman and Mandarin. In all of these languages students will be assessed in Speaking (25%), Listening (25%), and Reading and Writing (50%).

Topics covered in all languages

At 13+ there is some standardisation in the topics that are covered, and all languages will touch on the following:

1) language of the classroom 2) house, home, daily routine and chores 3) life and work at school 4) time, dates, numbers and prices 5) personal description 6) family, friends and pets 7) meeting people 8) free-time activities 9) holiday activities 10) visiting a café or restaurant 11) parts of the body 12) description of a town or region 13) finding the way and using transport 14) understanding tourist information* 15) shopping (e.g. for food, clothes, presents) 16) pocket money* 17) weather*

Check out the individual syllabi for each language for a more detailed look at what topics and units of language are assessed, and to get a better idea of the difference between level 1 papers (closed questions) and level 2 paper (open ended questions). 

If you have about a specific language area you would like some advice on, ask our team of 13+ Language experts, by getting in contact. Or if you would like to us to arrange a free trial tutorial with a Science tutor, click the button below.

For now, we've included a run down of what to expect in each are of the 13+ assessment.

You shouldn't need one of these to be heard

You shouldn't need one of these to be heard


The speaking assessment makes up 25% of the final grade for 13+, and in all languages there are three parts to the speaking assessment.

  1. Role Play - 2 minutes (9 marks)

    • Students will be required to carry out 6 tasks in the target language on one of the three language areas that have been set.

    • One of the tasks will require students to respond naturally without preparation

    • 3 marks available for quality of language, 6 marks for completing all of the set tasks

  2. Prepared topic A - 2 minutes (8 marks)

    • Students will have prepared a short talk about a town, artist, historical figure or regional celebration that is relevant to target language.

    • Examiner will intervene and ask 4 questions in the 2 minutes

  3. Prepared topic B - 2 minutes (8marks)

    • Students will be given a topic by the examiner and preparation time to look up and vocabulary they would like to use in this time

    • Topics will be chosen from

      • house, home, daily routine and chores

      • free-time and holiday activities

      • life and work at school

      • personal description, family, friends and pets

    • Once again, the examiner will intervene and ask 4 questions within the 2 minutes.

Feel you need a fabulous French tutor to build your child's confidence in a second language? Get in touch today to organise a free trial tutorial.

Earbuds at the ready

Earbuds at the ready


The listening section of the 13+ language assessment makes up 25% of student's final grades. Luckily for students, all instructions for this section are given in English.

  • Students will listen to a number of short passages

  • There are 25 questions in total

  • Questions are usually arranged in sections - for example there might be a group of questions on the topic of 'family' and students will have to listen to a number of short responses and log the details of respondents in English.

  • The types question students should expect are: multiple choice, true /false, completing tables, linking opinions with speakers, correcting passages, matching visual and verbal options, box ticking and answering questions in English

Need some extra support developing listening skills? Try a free tutorial with a fluent speaker and get some practice before the exam.



The reading and writing section of the 13+ language assessment is a 60 minute paper that is split down the middle:

  1. Reading (25 marks)

    • 25 short form questions on a number of passages.

    • Questions will be grouped into 4 topic areas with 6 or 7 questions in each.

    • Types of questions will include: fill the gaps, picture match, multiple choice, matching halves, matching people and opinions.

  2. Writing (25 marks)

    • Students will have to answer 2 questions and will be judged on content, accuracy and quality of language.

      • Question 1: Students will have to write 5 simple sentences (5 to 10 words) based on a visual stimulus.

      • Question 2: Students will have to write a continuous piece of around 100 words based on a written stimulus.

If your child is keen to learn some more advanced vocabulary and grammar from a fluent speaker, get in touch and we will set you up with a languages specialist.

Need to ask us a specific question about the 13+ Maths syllabus? Or just want to talk to someone free of charge about your child's situation, Get in contact and we'll schedule a telephone consultation.

If you want to organise a tutorial but want to know what price options there are, go to our Cost of Tuition Page

What to expect at 13+ History

The History paper at 13+ is one 60 minute paper. It is split into two main parts, an Evidence question (20marks) and an Essay question (30 marks). There are three time periods within the History syllabus, and your child will have been studying one of the following

  • 1066 - 1485 - Medieval Realms

  • 1485 - 1750 - Making of the United Kingdom

  • 1750- 1914 -   Britain and Empire

Within these period they will have been studying the following major themes: war and rebellion, government and parliament, religion, social history, general topics including local history. The essay question will deal primarily with one of these themes.

Check out the History Syllabus to read a little bit more about the requirements at this level, or read below for some ideas on what to expect and how to prepare for the two questions on this paper.

The evidence question: better than a poke in the eye

The evidence question: better than a poke in the eye


The evidence section of the 13+ History assessment consists of 3 sources and 1 question. Weadvise that you spend 25 minutes on this question in total (5 minutes planning and 20 minutes writing)

Students will be expected to read and respond to the sources, coming to a judgement on a historical debate using all 3 sources and their own knowledge. They will need to be analytical when approaching sources and to make comment on their utility and their reliability. Usually a mixture of primary and secondary sources are offered (and usually one picture source too) and in that context students will have the chance to show their understanding of provenance and hindsight.

A typical question looks something like this

Using your all of the sources and your own knowledge...

  • ...would you agree that Henry I was successful King?

  • ...do you agree that Henry II was wholly to blame for the rift with the church?

  • ...do you believe that Richard I proved to be an effective monarch?

  • ...do you believe that Edward II was murdered on Mortimer's orders?


Steps to success in this question:

  1. Understand the source material. Is there anything you can deduct or infer?

  2. Compare and organise the source material. Do they agree or disagree with the question statement.

  3. Why sources might disagree?

  4. Which sources provide the most compelling argument and why?

  5. Using you own knowledge of the time period in question, come to judgment on the question.

A good way of structuring your answer is to write an introduction and then 3 main paragraphs


  • What is your argument? Do you agree with the statement or not? Make it clear from the beginning which side you are arguing for.

Paragraph 1

  • On the one hand...

  • This is supported by evidence in source A....


  • Similarly this idea is presented in source C

Paragraph 2

  • On the other hand...

  • This idea is presented in source B...

  • One reason for the difference might be...

Paragraph 3

  • In conclusion I would argue that...

  • Source B is less reliable than source A and C because...

  • The most significant point to remember is..

You will only have about 20 minutes writing time after you have read the sources and planned, so it's best to be concise!

Name that Prime Minister.

Name that Prime Minister.


The essay section gives students a choice 10 questions. Students have to answer just 1 of these questions. We advise students spend 35 minutes on this section (5 minutes planning and 30 minutes)

These are all open-ended questions which deal with a theme that students will have studied (one of religion, war and rebellion, government and politics, social history, general/local history). Up to 50% of the marks available for this question can be gained for simply writing a detailed narrative essay, but to gain top marks students will need to use their analytical skills and come to a clear judgement on the question posed. 

Example Essay questions

1. Choose a war which you have studied and explain its most important consequences.

2. Explain the causes of any one rebellion you have studied.

3. Explain the importance of the work of any one government minister.

4. Choose any one religious leader and explain the importance of his ideas.

5. Explain the significance of the changes to daily life in any period you have studied.

6. Explain the role of women in any period of history you have studied.

7. Choose any important building in England/Britain and explain its significance in the lives of people.

8. Assess the importance for England/Britain of any one technological development.

9. Choose a local historical site that you know well. Explain its importance to that particular area of the country.

10. Choose a person (not a monarch) who you think has made the greatest contribution to England/Britain and explain why his or her achievement is so important.

Tips for doing well in this section

  • Plan well. Think of 3 or 4 factors that you will discuss in this essay.

  • Think of relevant evidence from you own knowledge that supports your factors

  • Have one main idea for each of your paragraphs and aim to make a judgement on the significance of the idea/factor you are discussing.

  • Offer a hierarchy of significance. You will probably talk about 3 or 4 factors in the time you are given, but what is the most significant aspect. 

  • Can you link factors or ideas together? What are the causes or consequences of the factors you have chosen?

  • Are any of these long-term or short-term factors/affects? Does that effect their importance or influence?

Aside from this, learning some facts, if you can, knowing the dates and being confident with the narratives of the history you have studied is a great help!



The C.A.S.E scholarship is a 60 minute paper for students hoping to gain entrance with an academic scholarship. 

The paper itself is split into 3 sections: a) evidence, b) essay, c) extension. Students are required to answer the unseen evidence question and then pick 1 question from either the essay section or the extension section. The evidence and the essay questions will be drawn from the ISEB syllabus and will require students to apply there knowledge but with greater focus on evaluation.

The extension questions are general open ended questions which give students the chance to write about the nature of history or one of the common themes applied to a wider context. Examiners often try to tie questions to a modern day debate to get students to encourage students to engage with the uses and role of history in society.

Example questions

1) Pope Benedict XVI resigned his papal office in 2013. How important do you think religion is in the 21st century? Explain your answer.

2)The British government wants more British history to be taught in schools in the United Kingdom. Do you agree with this view? Explain your answer.

3) 2018 marks the hundredth anniversary of the end of World War I. How should schools and the United Kingdom commemorate this anniversary?

4) Consider any revolution that you have studied and learnt about. Explain why it is an important event for school children to study.

As you can see, questions deal with topics that are not necessarily on the syllabus, so this gives students with breadth and depth of knowledge the chance to shine.

Need to ask us a specific question about the 13+ Maths syllabus? Or just want to talk to someone free of charge about your child's situation, Get in contact and we'll schedule a telephone consultation.

If you want to organise a tutorial but want to know what price options there are, go to our Cost of Tuition Page

What to expect at 13+ Geography

The History paper at 13+ is one 60 minute paper. It is split into two main parts, an Evidence question (20marks) and an Essay question (30 marks). There are three time periods within the History syllabus, and your child will have been studying one of the following

  • 1066 - 1485 - Medieval Realms

  • 1485 - 1750 - Making of the United Kingdom

  • 1750- 1914 -   Britain and Empire

Within these period they will have been studying the following major themes: war and rebellion, government and parliament, religion, social history, general topics including local history. The essay question will deal primarily with one of these themes.

Check out the History Syllabus to read a little bit more about the requirements at this level, or read below for some ideas on what to expect and how to prepare for the two questions on this paper.

Know where you are with your revision?

Know where you are with your revision?


The first part of the 13+ Geography is a 'simple' question of location knowledge. Students will be given a map with a number of dots (representing cities) rivers and mountain ranges and will have to name as many as they can

There are a limited number of place names and geographical features that students need to be familiar with, and they are split into two categories; the UK and England; and the rest of the World

Download the ISEB appendix of required knowledge for this section here, and start learning!

Get to know your way around

Get to know your way around


In this section students will be given a map and will have to use this map to identify features, workout distances, berings and understand how to read and interpret the symbols and markings on the map. 

Candidates should know and understand:

  • 4-figure and 6-figure grid references

  • eastings and northings

  • spot heights and contours direction

  • orientation (8 points of the compass)

  • distance

  • area

Candidates should be able to:

  • follow routes

  • identify relief and landscape features (slope steepness, plateau, flood plain, valley, headland, bay)

  • annotate simple sketch sections

  • use maps in decision-making

  • understand site, situation and shape of settlements

The best way to prepare for this? Get out into the countryside with a map and try for yourself. Having experience out in the countryside, reading the land and making decisions in real life is much more effective than simply answering questions. Raise the stakes and put your wellies on!



The third section of the Geography 13+ assessment gives students 5 questions which cover the 5 main themes they will have studied. For each theme students will have already learnt some details of a case study that relates directly to each theme, and they will be expected to recall some evidence and detail from these case studies to support their answers. Questions will be a mix of short-answer and longer open questions. Key topics to revise are:

  • Earthquakes and Volcanoes

    • the basic structure of the Earth tectonic plates

    • constructive and destructive boundaries and what causes them to move

    • the global distribution of earthquakes and volcanoes

    • an example of either an earthquake or a volcanic eruption to show the nature, causes, environmental and human effects, and human responses

  • Weather and Climate

    • the difference between weather and climate

    • microclimates

    • the water cycle

    • types of rainfall

    • causes of temperature and rainfall variation from place to place in the British Isles

  • Rivers and Coasts

    • processes of weathering

    • processes of erosion, transportation and deposition in understanding the development of valleys, waterfalls, gorges, meanders, caves, arches, stacks, stumps, beaches, spits

    • the causes and effects of and responses to a flood

  • Population and Settlement

    • population numbers and population density for the UK and the worl

    • the causes of the rise or fall of the population of an individual country

    • the relationship between the provision of goods and services and settlement size

    • the management of urban development

  • Transport and Industry

    • the value of transport routes for people and industry

    • the principal modes of transport today – road, rail, sea and air – together with their impact on the environment

    • the different types (sectors) of economic activity

    • how economic activities operate in contrasting locations

    • how economic development can be made sustainable

Just like map-work, students can gain a huge amount from getting out to see these features of human and physical geography in person. We might not have many earthquakes or volcanoes, (thankfully) but everything else on this list can be effectively taught out of the classroom. Why not try, or book a tutorial with a tutor to help plan a geography field trip that will be a really memorable experience.


The C.A.S.E scholarship is a 60 minute paper for students hoping to gain entrance with an academic scholarship. 

The paper will be based wholly on the Common entrance syllabus: there are no additional topics that students need to learn. Instead students answers are expected to be more detailed and go into greater analytical depth. There are two sections to this paper.

  • Data-response questions

    • Choice of 2 questions (Human Geography/Physical Geography)

    • Students answer 1 question.

    •  A selection of data will be given and students will have to analyse, evaluate and come to conclusions about some of the trends or ideas that the data represents.

  • Essay and structure questions

    • Choice of 6 questions (some essay questions, some multi-part questions)

    • Students only answer 1 question

    • Students will be expected to write at length and to express their ideas and opinions about specific areas of the thematic syllabus fluently and convincingly.

Get in touch if you would like to organise a scholarship tutorial with a geography genius!

Need to ask us a specific question about the 13+ Maths syllabus? Or just want to talk to someone free of charge about your child's situation, Get in contact and we'll schedule a telephone consultation.

If you want to organise a tutorial but want to know what price options there are, go to our Cost of Tuition Page

What to expect at 13+ Classics

The Classics paper at 13+ has a few different routes depending on the student ability and the length of time they have spent in formal classes. 

  • Level 1 - is for students who have studied Latin or Classical Greek for 1 to 2 years

  • Level 2 is for students who have studied Latin or Greek for 3 to 4 years.

  • Latin Level 3 - is for students who have an deeper understanding of Latin

Have a look at the 13+ Classics Syllabus to see what skills and knowledge are assessed at this level along with a vocabulary list for each subject and level. This document will give you a good idea of what things student's should be revising and practicing ready for these assessments.

Read below for a better idea of what to expect in Latin and Greek in each of these exams.



The best place to start is the grammar list to. Get to know exactly what parts of speech you need for the 13 +. 

Then head to the vocabulary list. Print this out, make yourself some flashcards and get learning.

The Latin assessment at 13+ is split into 4 questions which are designed to engage students with both the linguistic and non-linguistic aspects of the Latin world, with a weighting toward language learning. The whole paper is 60 minutes in length with over 85% of the paper focussing on students language ability.

  • Question 1 - (15 marks)

    • A series of questions will be given to test student comprehension of a paragraph of about 45 words in length.

  • Question 2 - (30 marks)

    • Students will then be asked to translate the second paragraph of the extract into English

  • Question 3 - (20 marks)

    • Students will be asked a series of questions based on the final paragraph of the text. They will be asked to manipulate the Latin in the paragraph and translate a little into English

  • Question 4 - (10 marks)

    • The last part will give students a chance to write a short piece about one of the non-linguistic topic areas. These include:

      • Domestic life

        • Roman housing: layout and rooms; decoration; furniture; amenities

        • Roman slavery: sources; purchase; conditions and treatment; possibility and methods of freedom

        • Roman daily life: clothing; food and meals; bathing

        • Life and death: coming of age; marriage; death and burial

      • The City of Rome

        • Early Roman legends: Romulus and Remus; Horatius; Cloelia; Mucius Scaevola; Coriolanus; Manlius Torquatus

        • Entertainment: theatre; amphitheatre; circus; baths

      • The Army and Roman Britain

        • Army: organisation; equipment; camp; tombstones

        • Roman Britain: general historical outline; Julius Caesar; Claudius; Caratacus and Boudicca; towns; villas; Hadrian’s Wall

Lost in lexis? Don't fear! Get in touch to organise a free introductory Latin tutorial today.

Three thirds of these chocolate eggs are mine.

Three thirds of these chocolate eggs are mine.


The best to place to start to ace Greek at 13+ is the grammar list. From here you can get a grasp of what parts of speech you will need for the assessment.

Once you've got your head around the the grammar, we advise you to have a look at the vocabulary list. Put all of these words and their translations on to flashcards and get practising. 

For the assessment, Level 1 and Level 2 have quite different styles of question:

  • Level 1

    • Question 1

      • Transliteration of 5 words from Greek to English (10 marks)

      • Transliteration of 5 words from English to Greek (10 marks)

      • Translate and give derivations in English of 5 Greek words (10 marks)

      • Translate 5 Greek words (10 marks)

      • Translate five Greek sentences of about three Greek words (10 marks)

      • Translate five Greek sentences of about four or five Greek words (20 marks)

    • Question 2

      • Students will be expected to answer questions on and translate a passage of Greek (25 marks)

  • Level 2

    • Question 1 (Passage) (25 marks)

      • Students will be given questions on a text and will be expected to translate the passage.

    • Question 2 (Multiple Choice Grammar) (20 marks)

      • Identifying and manipulating verbs (person, number, tense)

      • Identifying and manipulating nouns and adjectives (case, number, gender)

    • Question 3 (Derivations) (5 marks)

      • Derive in English a choice of 5 out of 8 words

    • Question 4 (Comprehension) (10 marks)

      • Students will be asked to answer questions on a text

    • Question 5 (Translation) (40 marks)

      • Students will be asked to translate a passage of approx. 40 words.

Does your child think Greek is gobbledygook? Get in contact to book a free introductory tutorial today. 

Need to ask us a specific question about the 13+ Maths syllabus? Or just want to talk to someone free of charge about your child's situation, Get in contact and we'll schedule a telephone consultation.

If you want to organise a tutorial but want to know what price options there are, go to our Cost of Tuition Page

What to expect for 13+ Religious Studies

The Religious Studies and Philosophy paper is split into two different streams A and B. There is just one paper in each of these streams, though students who have submitted coursework will only have to take a 40 minute exam rather than the full 60 minute exam.

  • Route A - Comprises the doctrines of the Roman Catholic Church, biblical studies and contemporary world religions

  • Route B - Comprises biblical studies and contemporary issues and world religions.

Check out the 13+ Religious Education Syllabus A or Syllabus B to see a topic-by-topic guide of what is assessed in each of these streams. These documents will give student's a good idea of what topics they should revising in preparation for the exam

Read below for a breakdown of what to expect in each exam.



The Religious Studies A route is split into 3 sections.

In both sections 1 and 2 students will be given a choice of 4 questions (2 from each theme below). Students will have to pick one question and will be assessed on their ability to understand and evaluate texts which they are given in relation to moral questions. Each question will be subdivided into 4 smaller parts.

  • Section1: Interpreting the Old testament (21 marks)

    • God, Human Nature and Covenant

      • The Creation Accounts: Genesis 1: 1-2: 25

      • The Garden of Eden and The Fall: Genesis 3

      • Cain and Abel: Genesis 4: 1-16

      • The Near Sacrifice of Isaac: Genesis 22: 1-19

      • The Exodus and Passover: Exodus 12: 1-13

      • The Ten Commandments: Exodus 19: 1-8 and Exodus 20: 1-17

    • Leaders and Prophets of the Old Testament

      • Moses: Exodus 3: 1-17

      • David: David and Bathsheba; 2 Samuel 11: 1-17

      • Nathan: 2 Samuel 12: 1-14

      • Solomon: 1 Kings 3

      • Elijah: 1 Kings 18: 19-46 and 1 Kings 19: 1-18

      • Isaiah: Isaiah 1: 10-20 and Isaiah 5: 1-7


  • Section 2: Interpreting the New testament (21 marks)

    • Jesus’ Teaching

      • Zacchaeus: Luke: 19: 1-10

      • The Paralysed Man: Mark 2: 1-12

      • The Calming of the Storm: Mark 4: 35-41

      • The Rich Young Man: Mark 10: 17-31

      • The Woman and Simon the Pharisee: Luke 7: 36-50

      • The Good Samaritan: Luke 10: 25-37

      • The Lost Son: Luke 15: 11-32

      • The Sower: Luke 8: 4-8, 11-15

    • Jesus’ Life, Death and Resurrection

      • The Birth of Jesus: Matthew 1: 18-25

      • The Temptations: Luke 4: 1-13

      • The Call of the Disciples: Luke 5: 1-11

      • Peter’s Declaration: Mark 8: 27-33

      • The Transfiguration: Mark 9: 2-13

      • The Sentence, Crucifixion and Burial: Mark 15: 6-47

      • The Resurrection: John 20: 1-29

Similar to section 1, students will be given a choice of 4 questions (2 from each theme above). Students will pick one question and will be assessed on their ability to understand and evaluate texts and relate this knowledge moral questions. Each question will be subdivided into 4 smaller parts. 

As such some students may prefer to focus all of their attention on just one of the themes from each section.

  • Section 3: World Religions and contemporary issues (18 marks)

If students have completed coursework with their school, they won't have to complete section 3 of the 13 + assessment. For those that haven't completed coursework, they will have to answer 3 questions from this section (each worth 6 marks). Students will have 35 questions to choose from, so the best bet is to focus attentions on a couple of topic areas rather than trying go in with an encyclopaedic knowledge of all major religions and contemporary issues. 

This section mainly focuses on knowledge and understanding rather than evaluation and critical thinking.

Topics that students may study at school and should revise include:

  • Contemporary Issues

    • Science and religion

    • Stewardship and the environment

    • Law, rules and human rights

    • Leadership and wisdom

    • Social justice and treatment of the poor

    • Prejudice and discrimination

    • Attitudes to death

As it says in the syllabus, "Candidates will be expected to show knowledge of religious and non-religious responses to these issues."

  • World Religions

    • Founders

    • Prophets and teachers

    • Main beliefs, teachings and doctrines

    • Holy books

    • Main festivals

    • Main ceremonies and worship

    • Places of worship

    • Service to the community

    • Pilgrimage

    • Main traditions

Want to rev up your religious studies? Get in contact today and we'll see if we can find you a specialist

Which element is this?...... Any ideas? If you say Lithium then you are correct. 3 electrons, 3 protons and 4 neutrons. Lithium!

Which element is this?...... Any ideas? If you say Lithium then you are correct. 3 electrons, 3 protons and 4 neutrons. Lithium!


Similar to Religious Studies route A, the 13 + assessment is split into 3 sections. Sections 1 and 2 present students with 4 questions and students have to answer 1 question from each section. They will be presented with a passage and will be required to evaluate and apply their knowledge of this text and relate this knowledge to potential contemporary issues and ethical dilemmas.

Any of the following passages or areas could come up in section 1 and 2:

  • Section 1: The Old Covenant

    • Creation

      • Catechism 51 and 66

      • Genesis 1:1- 2:1-25

      • The purpose of Creation

      • Humans as created in God’s image

      • Stewardship

      • Modern views of the origins of the universe 2

    • Human nature: The Fall

      • Catechism 75

      • Genesis 3:1-24; 4:1-16

      • The effects of the Fall on men and women

      • Human nature: obedience, sin and evil

    • Faith: Abraham

      • Catechism 28

      • Abraham’s relationship with God

      • Abraham’s character and example

      • The call of Abraham: Genesis 12:1-9

      • Abraham and Isaac: Genesis 17:15-22

      • The near sacrifice of Isaac: Genesis 22:1-18

    • Vocation: Moses

      • Catechism 8

      • Moses’ character and example

      • The call of Moses: Exodus 3:1-17

      • The Passover: Exodus 12:1-20

      • The Exodus as a symbol of liberation

    • Living the Covenant

      • Catechism 436

      • The Ten Commandments: Exodus 20:1-17

      • David: 2 Samuel 11:1-17

      • Application of the Decalogue today


  • Section 2: Jesus Christ and the Sacraments

    • The Person of Jesus

      • Catechism 85

      • The Incarnation and Birth of Christ: Matthew 1:18-24

      • Jesus’ baptism and temptations: Matthew 3:13 - 4:11

      • Jesus’ healing ministry: Mark 2:1-12

      • Jesus’ work with outcasts: John 8:1-11

      • The Trinity: Matthew 28:16-20

    • Discipleship

      • Catechism 109

      • The call of the disciples: Matthew 4:18-22

      • The identity of the disciples: Matthew 10:1-4

      • The call and commissioning of Peter: Matthew 16:13-23

      • The qualities of being a disciple: Matthew 16:24-28

      • Discipleship today: Oscar Romero, Jean Vanier 3

    • The Kingdom of God

      • Catechism 107

      • The Kingdom of God as the transformation of this world

      • Jesus’ teaching on: forgiveness, love and reconciliation

      • Why Jesus taught using parables

      • The Sower and the Seed: Mark 4:1-20

      • The Talents: Matthew 25:14-30

      • The Lost Son: Luke 15:11-32

      • The Good Samaritan: Luke 10:25-37

      • Why Jesus performed miracles

      • The Feeding of the Five Thousand: Mark 6:30-44

    • The Passion and the Resurrection

      • The Passion and its meaning  

        • Catechism 112

        • Anointing at Bethany: Mark 14:3-9

        • Last Supper: Mark 14:12-31

        • Gethsemane: Mark 14:14:32-42

        • Arrest and Peter’s denial: Mark 14:43-72

        • Pilate’s trial: Mark 15:1-15

        • Crucifixion: Mark 15:16-41

        • Burial: Mark 15:42-47

      • The Resurrection and its meaning

        • Catechism 131

        • The empty tomb: John 20:1-10

        • Mary Magdalene: John 20:11-18

        • The other disciples and Thomas: John 20:19-29

    • The Sacraments

      • Catechism 224

      • Grace and the seven Sacraments

      • The meaning of: Baptism, Reconciliation, Mass/Eucharist 


  • Section 3: The Church

Students will have to answer 3 questions out of a possible 12. In this section questions are designed to test knowledge and understanding rather than evaluative and analytical skills.

  • The Birth and Life of the Church

    • Pentecost and the birth of the Church

    • St Paul and his mission

    • The Roman Church and the continental/English Reformation

    • The Pope and Church authority

    • Holy orders: bishops, priests, deacons and religious orders

    • Prayer: types and purpose 4

  • Community Life in the Church

    • Marriage and the family

    • Charity

    • Laity: role in the community and in the parish

    • Issues of life and death: euthanasia and war

    • Attitude to other world religions

  • The Liturgical Year and Devotion

    • Advent and Christmas

    • Lent and the Stations of the Cross

    • Holy Week and Easter

    • Our Lady: the mysteries of the Rosary

    • Pilgrimage

    • Eternal Life: heaven, hell and purgatory

    • The Communion of Saints

Section 3 only has to be completed if students haven't already submitted coursework.

Does your child in need of a little bit of extra help with Religious studies? Get in touch to organise a free tutorial with a specialist today.

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The Common Academic Scholarship examination is the same for students regardless of whether they do route A or B. It is a 60 minute paper comprised of two sections:

  • Section 1

    • Contemporary issues (25 marks)

      • Students have to answer 1 question out of a possible 6. These questions are open ended and require students to assess various different perspectives and then come to a well reasoned judgement. Questions explore issues of religion and morality in modern society.

  • Section 2

    • Old Testament, New Testament, World Religions (25 marks)

      • Students have to answer 1 question out of a possible 3 (one in each area, Old testament, New testament and World Religions)

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